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Virtually all Native Americans are descendants of 6 women

N8 v2.0

Not the sharpest tool in the shed
Oct 18, 2002
11,007
149
The Cleft of Venus
:busted:


Indian DNA links to 6 'founding mothers'
By MALCOLM RITTER, AP Science Writer
Thu Mar 13, 10:33 AM ET


Nearly all of today's Native Americans in North, Central and South America can trace part of their ancestry to six women whose descendants immigrated around 20,000 years ago, a DNA study suggests.

Those women left a particular DNA legacy that persists to today in about about 95 percent of Native Americans, researchers said.

The finding does not mean that only these six women gave rise to the migrants who crossed into North America from Asia in the initial populating of the continent, said study co-author Ugo Perego.

The women lived between 18,000 and 21,000 years ago, though not necessarily at exactly the same time, he said.

The work was published this week by the journal PLoS One. Perego is from the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation in Salt Lake City and the University of Pavia in Italy.

The work confirms previous indications of the six maternal lineages, he said. But an expert unconnected with the study said the findings left some questions unanswered.

Perego and his colleagues traced the history of a particular kind of DNA that represents just a tiny fraction of the human genetic material, and reflects only a piece of a person's ancestry.

This DNA is found in the mitochondria, the power plants of cells. Unlike the DNA found in the nucleus, mitochondrial DNA is passed along only by the mother. So it follows a lineage that connects a person to his or her mother, then the mother's mother, and so on.

The researchers created a "family tree" that traces the different mitochondrial DNA lineages found in today's Native Americans. By noting mutations in each branch and applying a formula for how often such mutations arise, they calculated how old each branch was. That indicated when each branch arose in a single woman.

The six "founding mothers" apparently did not live in Asia because the DNA signatures they left behind aren't found there, Perego said. They probably lived in Beringia, the now-submerged land bridge that stetched to North America, he said.

Connie Mulligan of the University of Florida, an anthropolgist who studies the colonization of the Americas but didn't participate in the new work, said it's not surprising to trace the mitochondrial DNA to six women. "It's an OK number to start with right now," but further work may change it slightly, she said.

That finding doesn't answer the bigger questions of where those women lived, or of how many people left Beringia to colonize the Americas, she said Thursday.

The estimate for when the women lived is open to question because it's not clear whether the researchers properly accounted for differing mutation rates in mitochondrial DNA, she said. Further work could change the estimate, "possibly dramatically," she said.

___

On the Net:

PLoS One: http://www.plosone.org
 

X3pilot

Texans fan - LOL
Aug 13, 2007
5,861
1
SoMD
It's OK to call them Indians. Even better if you know one personally, refer to them as Cherokee, Sioux, Apache, etc.

(I'm part Cherokee)

Even the Indians weren't native to America.
 

N8 v2.0

Not the sharpest tool in the shed
Oct 18, 2002
11,007
149
The Cleft of Venus
It's OK to call them Indians. Even better if you know one personally, refer to them as Cherokee, Sioux, Apache, etc.

(I'm part Cherokee)

Even the Indians weren't native to America.
my sister is indian, she calls her tribe something in Tewa but isn't at all offended by the term indian.
 

X3pilot

Texans fan - LOL
Aug 13, 2007
5,861
1
SoMD
my sister is indian, she calls her tribe something in Tewa but isn't at all offended by the term indian.
If your sister is Indian...nevermind, non of my business.

Most Indians don't like Native American. They really want no association with the people that invaded their land, spread contagious disease, trampled over their belief system and herded them onto fenced reservations.

No wonder.

Palefaces....
 

ATOMICFIREBALL

DISARMED IN A BATTLE OF WITS
May 26, 2004
1,354
0
Tennessee
I have Cherokee dna for sure. I could have got tribal affiliation i think maybe if i wanted too. My mom looks very much Cherokee as i inherited it also,but with Scottish.
My greatgrandfather was close to full blooded Cherokee from what i am told.